Dr Penelope Lind Email
Telephone: +61 7 3845 3677
Facsimile: +61 7 3362 0101
Email: Penelope.Lind@qimrberghofer.edu.au

Dr Lind was born in New Zealand and graduated with a First Class BSc(Hons) in Biochemistry at Victoria University of Wellington. Her thesis project was titled 'Development of Ligase Detection Reaction for Genotyping ADH3 and ALDH2 Polymorphisms in Alcoholic Patients and Volunteers'. In 2002 she obtained her PhD in Biological Sciences from the University of Waikato. Her dissertation 'Comparative Characterization of Esterases and Lipases for Biosensors' focused on the development of a commercial fruit ripeness biosensor (ripeSense) in conjunction with the Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Limited.

Following her PhD, Dr Lind decided to focus on her continued interest in addiction research. She joined the laboratory of Professor Kirk Wilhelmsen at the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center at the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) as a post-doctoral researcher where she was involved in the identification of genes and sequence variants that made substantial contributions to the variation in (i) alcohol consumption behavior in a Finnish population (in collaboration with Dr CJ Peter Eriksson); (ii) level of response to alcohol in the UCSF Family Study sample; and (iii) alcohol-related endophenotypes of a Southwest Californian Indian population (in collaboration with Prof Cindy Ehlers).

After her fellowship, Dr Lind joined QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute in 2005 to consolidate her interest in the genetics of alcohol dependence and further develop her statistical expertise. While her current role is in a dry-laboratory (Quantitative Genetics) she also has a strong background in molecular genetics and biochemistry and worked in wet laboratory settings as either a post-graduate student, post-doc or research officer between 1998 and 2010.

Current Research Interests

The main aims of her current research are to (1) comprehensively catalogue Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH) sequence variants that significantly affect risk for hazardous alcohol consumption, alcohol use disorders and developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in the Australian population by carrying out targeted resequencing; (2) identify novel genes that influence smokeless tobacco use by carrying out a large scale genomewide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis; and (3) identify environmental and genetic risk factors influencing behavioural addictions (e.g., pathological gambling).

Grants

2014-2016: Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Project Grant APP1060663. Chief Investigators: Penelope Lind (CIA), John Whitfield, Allan McRae. A comprehensive analysis of the role of the Alcohol Dehydrogenase gene cluster in alcohol-related disorders and esophageal cancer through deep resequencing. Total $587,109.50.

2011-2013: Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Project Grant APP1009460. Chief Investigators: Rosa Alati, Gail Williams, Penelope Lind (CIC), Naomi Wray, William Bor, John Whitfield, Jackob Najman, Abdullah Mamun, Alexander Clavarino. The aetiology of alcohol use disorders in adulthood: a general perspective. Total $610,520.80.

2010: Australian Alcohol and Health Research Grants Scheme (AHRGS). Chief Investigator: Penelope Lind. The impact of rare variants in the ADH gene cluster on harmful alcohol consumption. Total $35,000.

2009-2011: Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) Project Grant 552482. Chief Investigators: John Whitfield, Penelope Lind (CIB), Andrew Heath. A Genome Wide Association Study for Alcohol and Nicotine Addiction Susceptibility Genes. Total $846,000.

2008: Australian Alcohol and Health Research Grants Scheme (AHRGS). Chief Investigator: Penelope Lind. Genetics of Alcohol and Nicotine Addiction. Total $35,000.


Publications
2016
54.Weiss A, Baselmans BM, Hofer E, Yang J, Okbay A, Lind PA, Miller MB, Nolte IM, Zhao W, Hagenaars SP, Hottenga JJ, Matteson LK, Snieder H, Faul JD, Hartman CA, Boyle PA, Tiemeier H, Mosing MA, Pattie A, Davies G, Liewald DC, Schmidt R, De Jager PL, Heath AC, Jokela M, Starr JM, Oldehinkel AJ, Johannesson M, Cesarini D, Hofman A, Harris SE, Smith JA, Keltikangas-Järvinen L, Pulkki-Råback L, Schmidt H, Smith J, Iacono WG, McGue M, Bennett DA, Pedersen NL, Magnusson PK, Deary IJ, Martin NG, Boomsma DI, Bartels M, Luciano M: Personality Polygenes, Positive Affect, and Life Satisfaction. Twin Research and Human Genetics 19(5):407-417, 2016 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
53.Lang M, Lemenager T, Streit F, Fauth-Buhler M, Frank J, Juraeva D, Witt SH, Degenhardt F, Hofmann A, Heilmann-Heimbach S, Kiefer F, Brors B, Grabe HJ, John U, Bischof A, Bischof G, Volker U, Homuth G, Beutel M, Lind PA, Medland SE, Slutske WS, Martin NG, Volzke H, Nothen MM, Meyer C, Rumpf HJ, Wurst FM, Rietschel M, Mann KF: Genome-wide association study of pathological gambling. European psychiatry 36:38-46, 2016 [PDF] [OSI] [PubMed] [More...]
52.Okbay A, Beauchamp JP, Fontana MA, Lee JJ, Pers TH, Rietveld CA, Turley P, Chen GB, Emilsson V, Meddens SF, Oskarsson S, Pickrell JK, Thom K, Timshel P, de Vlaming R, Abdellaoui A, Ahluwalia TS, Bacelis J, Baumbach C, Bjornsdottir G, Brandsma JH, Pina Concas M, Derringer J, Furlotte NA, Galesloot TE, Girotto G, Gupta R, Hall LM, Harris SE, Hofer E, Horikoshi M, Huffman JE, Kaasik K, Kalafati IP, Karlsson R, Kong A, Lahti J, van der Lee SJ, deLeeuw C, Lind PA, Lindgren KO, Liu T, Mangino M, Marten J, Mihailov E, Miller MB, van der Most PJ, Oldmeadow C, Payton A, Pervjakova N, Peyrot WJ, Qian Y, Raitakari O, Rueedi R, Salvi E, Schmidt B, Schraut KE, Shi J, Smith AV, Poot RA, St Pourcain B, Teumer A, Thorleifsson G, Verweij N, Vuckovic D, Wellmann J, Westra HJ, Yang J, Zhao W, Zhu Z, Alizadeh BZ, Amin N, Bakshi A, Baumeister SE, Biino G, Bonnelykke K, Boyle PA, Campbell H, Cappuccio FP, Davies G, De Neve JE, Deloukas P, Demuth I, Ding J, Eibich P, Eisele L, Eklund N, Evans DM, Faul JD, Feitosa MF, Forstner AJ, Gandin I, Gunnarsson B, Halldorsson BV, Harris TB, Heath AC, Hocking LJ, Holliday EG, Homuth G, Horan MA, Hottenga JJ, de Jager PL, Joshi PK, Jugessur A, Kaakinen MA, Kahonen M, Kanoni S, Keltigangas-Jarvinen L, Kiemeney LA, Kolcic I, Koskinen S, Kraja AT, Kroh M, Kutalik Z, Latvala A, Launer LJ, Lebreton MP, Levinson DF, Lichtenstein P, Lichtner P, Liewald DC, LifeLines Cohort Study, Loukola A, Madden PA, Magi R, Maki-Opas T, Marioni RE, Marques-Vidal P, Meddens GA, McMahon G, Meisinger C, Meitinger T, Milaneschi Y, Milani L, Montgomery GW, Myhre R, Nelson CP, Nyholt DR, Ollier WE, Palotie A, Paternoster L, Pedersen NL, Petrovic KE, Porteous DJ, Raikkonen K, Ring SM, Robino A, Rostapshova O, Rudan I, Rustichini A, Salomaa V, Sanders AR, Sarin AP, Schmidt H, Scott RJ, Smith BH, Smith JA, Staessen JA, Steinhagen-Thiessen E, Strauch K, Terracciano A, Tobin MD, Ulivi S, Vaccargiu S, Quaye L, van Rooij FJ, Venturini C, Vinkhuyzen AA, Volker U, Volzke H, Vonk JM, Vozzi D, Waage J, Ware EB, Willemsen G, Attia JR, Bennett DA, Berger K, Bertram L, Bisgaard H, Boomsma DI, Borecki IB, Bultmann U, Chabris CF, Cucca F, Cusi D, Deary IJ, Dedoussis GV, van Duijn CM, Eriksson JG, Franke B, Franke L, Gasparini P, Gejman PV, Gieger C, Grabe HJ, Gratten J, Groenen PJ, Gudnason V, van der Harst P, Hayward C, Hinds DA, Hoffmann W, Hypponen E, Iacono WG, Jacobsson B, Jarvelin MR, Jockel KH, Kaprio J, Kardia SL, Lehtimaki T, Lehrer SF, Magnusson PK, Martin NG, McGue M, Metspalu A, Pendleton N, Penninx BW, Perola M, Pirastu N, Pirastu M, Polasek O, Posthuma D, Power C, Province MA, Samani NJ, Schlessinger D, Schmidt R, Sorensen TI, Spector TD, Stefansson K, Thorsteinsdottir U, Thurik AR, Timpson NJ, Tiemeier H, Tung JY, Uitterlinden AG, Vitart V, Vollenweider P, Weir DR, Wilson JF, Wright AF, Conley DC, Krueger RF, Davey Smith G, Hofman A, Laibson DI, Medland SE, Meyer MN, Yang J, Johannesson M, Visscher PM, Esko T, Koellinger PD, Cesarini D, Benjamin DJ: Genome-wide association study identifies 74 loci associated with educational attainment. Nature 533(7604):539-42, 2016 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
51.Okbay A, Baselmans BM, De Neve JE, Turley P, Nivard MG, Fontana MA, Meddens SF, Linnér RK, Rietveld CA, Derringer J, Gratten J, Lee JJ, Liu JZ, de Vlaming R, Ahluwalia TS, Buchwald J, Cavadino A, Frazier-Wood AC, Furlotte NA, Garfield V, Geisel MH, Gonzalez JR, Haitjema S, Karlsson R, van der Laan SW, Ladwig KH, Lahti J, van der Lee SJ, Lind PA, Liu T, Matteson L, Mihailov E, Miller MB, Minica CC, Nolte IM, Mook-Kanamori D, van der Most PJ, Oldmeadow C, Qian Y, Raitakari O, Rawal R, Realo A, Rueedi R, Schmidt B, Smith AV, Stergiakouli E, Tanaka T, Taylor K, Wedenoja J, Wellmann J, Westra HJ, Willems SM, Zhao W, LifeLines Cohort Study, Amin N, Bakshi A, Boyle PA, Cherney S, Cox SR, Davies G, Davis OS, Ding J, Direk N, Eibich P, Emeny RT, Fatemifar G, Faul JD, Ferrucci L, Forstner A, Gieger C, Gupta R, Harris TB, Harris JM, Holliday EG, Hottenga JJ, De Jager PL, Kaakinen MA, Kajantie E, Karhunen V, Kolcic I, Kumari M, Launer LJ, Franke L, Li-Gao R, Koini M, Loukola A, Marques-Vidal P, Montgomery GW, Mosing MA, Paternoster L, Pattie A, Petrovic KE, Pulkki-Råback L, Quaye L, Räikkönen K, Rudan I, Scott RJ, Smith JA, Sutin AR, Trzaskowski M, Vinkhuyzen AE, Yu L, Zabaneh D, Attia JR, Bennett DA, Berger K, Bertram L, Boomsma DI, Snieder H, Chang SC, Cucca F, Deary IJ, van Duijn CM, Eriksson JG, Bültmann U, de Geus EJ, Groenen PJ, Gudnason V, Hansen T, Hartman CA, Haworth CM, Hayward C, Heath AC, Hinds DA, Hyppönen E, Iacono WG, Järvelin MR, Jöckel KH, Kaprio J, Kardia SL, Keltikangas-Järvinen L, Kraft P, Kubzansky LD, Lehtimäki T, Magnusson PK, Martin NG, McGue M, Metspalu A, Mills M, de Mutsert R, Oldehinkel AJ, Pasterkamp G, Pedersen NL, Plomin R, Polasek O, Power C, Rich SS, Rosendaal FR, den Ruijter HM, Schlessinger D, Schmidt H, Svento R, Schmidt R, Alizadeh BZ, Sørensen TI, Spector TD, Steptoe A, Terracciano A, Thurik AR, Timpson NJ, Tiemeier H, Uitterlinden AG, Vollenweider P, Wagner GG, Weir DR, Yang J, Conley DC, Smith GD, Hofman A, Johannesson M, Laibson DI, Medland SE, Meyer MN, Pickrell JK, Esko T, Krueger RF, Beauchamp JP, Koellinger PD, Benjamin DJ, Bartels M, Cesarini D: Genetic variants associated with subjective well-being, depressive symptoms, and neuroticism identified through genome-wide analyses. Nature Genetics 48(6):624-633, 2016 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
50.Tyrrell J, Richmond RC, Palmer TM, Feenstra B, Rangarajan J, Metrustry S, Cavadino A, Paternoster L, Armstrong LL, De Silva NM, Wood AR, Horikoshi M, Geller F, Myhre R, Bradfield JP, Kreiner-Moller E, Huikari V, Painter JN, Hottenga JJ, Allard C, Berry DJ, Bouchard L, Das S, Evans DM, Hakonarson H, Hayes MG, Heikkinen J, Hofman A, Knight B, Lind PA, McCarthy MI, McMahon G, Medland SE, Melbye M, Morris AP, Nodzenski M, Reichetzeder C, Ring SM, Sebert S, Sengpiel V, Sorensen TI, Willemsen G, de Geus EJ, Martin NG, Spector TD, Power C, Jarvelin MR, Bisgaard H, Grant SF, Nohr EA, Jaddoe VW, Jacobsson B, Murray JC, Hocher B, Hattersley AT, Scholtens DM, Davey Smith G, Hivert MF, Felix JF, Hypponen E, Lowe WL Jr, Frayling TM, Lawlor DA, Freathy RM, Early Growth Genetics (EGG) Consortium: Genetic Evidence for Causal Relationships Between Maternal Obesity-Related Traits and Birth Weight. JAMA 315(11):1129-40, 2016 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
48.Parmar PG, Taal HR, Timpson NJ, Thiering E, Lehtimaki T, Marinelli M, Lind PA, Howe LD, Verwoert G, Aalto V, Uitterlinden AG, Briollais L, Evans DM, Wright MJ, Newnham JP, Whitfield JB, Lyytikainen LP, Rivadeneira F, Boomsma DI, Viikari J, Gillman MW, St Pourcain B, Hottenga JJ, Montgomery GW, Hofman A, Kahonen M, Martin NG, Tobin MD, Raitakari O, Vioque J, Jaddoe VW, Jarvelin MR, Beilin LJ, Heinrich J, van Duijn CM, Pennell CE, Lawlor DA, Palmer LJ, Early Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology Consortium: International GWAS Consortium Identifies Novel Loci Associated with Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. Circulation. Cardiovascular genetics 9(3):266-278, 2016 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
47.Colodro-Conde L, Jern P, Johansson A, Sanchez-Romera JF, Lind PA, Painter JN, Ordonana JR, Medland SE: Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy is Highly Heritable. Behavior Genetics 46(4):481-91, 2016 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
46.Colodro-Conde L, Cross SM, Lind PA, Painter JN, Gunst A, Jern P, Johansson A, Lund Maegbaek M, Munk-Olsen T, Nyholt DR, Ordonana JR, Paternoster L, Sanchez-Romera JF, Wright MJ, Medland SE: Cohort Profile: Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy genetics consortium (NVP Genetics Consortium). International Journal of Epidemiology 2016 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
45.Long EC, Verhulst B, Neale MC, Lind PA, Hickie IB, Martin NG, Gillespie NA: The Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Internet Use and Associations With Psychopathology: A Twin Study. Twin Research and Human Genetics 19(1):1-9, 2016 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
2015
44.Joshi PK, Esko T, Mattsson H, Eklund N, Gandin I, Nutile T, Jackson AU, Schurmann C, Smith AV, Zhang W, Okada Y, Stancakova A, Faul JD, Zhao W, Bartz TM, Concas MP, Franceschini N, Enroth S, Vitart V, Trompet S, Guo X, Chasman DI, O'Connel JR, Corre T, Nongmaithem SS, Chen Y, Mangino M, Ruggiero D, Traglia M, Farmaki AE, Kacprowski T, Bjonnes A, van der Spek A, Wu Y, Giri AK, Yanek LR, Wang L, Hofer E, Rietveld CA, McLeod O, Cornelis MC, Pattaro C, Verweij N, Baumbach C, Abdellaoui A, Warren HR, Vuckovic D, Mei H, Bouchard C, Perry JR, Cappellani S, Mirza SS, Benton MC, Broeckel U, Medland SE, Lind PA, Malerba G, Drong A, Yengo L, Bielak LF, Zhi D, van der Most PJ, Shriner D, Magi R, Hemani G, Karaderi T, Wang Z, Liu T, Demuth I, Zhao JH, Meng W, Lataniotis L, van der Laan SW, Bradfield JP, Wood AR, Bonnefond A, Ahluwalia TS, Hall LM, Salvi E, Yazar S, Carstensen L, de Haan HG, Abney M, Afzal U, Allison MA, Amin N, Asselbergs FW, Bakker SJ, Barr RG, Baumeister SE, Benjamin DJ, Bergmann S, Boerwinkle E, Bottinger EP, Campbell A, Chakravarti A, Chan Y, Chanock SJ, Chen C, Chen YD, Collins FS, Connell J, Correa A, Cupples LA, Smith GD, Davies G, Dorr M, Ehret G, Ellis SB, Feenstra B, Feitosa MF, Ford I, Fox CS, Frayling TM, Friedrich N, Geller F, Scotland G, Gillham-Nasenya I, Gottesman O, Graff M, Grodstein F, Gu C, Haley C, Hammond CJ, Harris SE, Harris TB, Hastie ND, Heard-Costa NL, Heikkila K, Hocking LJ, Homuth G, Hottenga JJ, Huang J, Huffman JE, Hysi PG, Ikram MA, Ingelsson E, Joensuu A, Johansson A, Jousilahti P, Jukema JW, Kahonen M, Kamatani Y, Kanoni S, Kerr SM, Khan NM, Koellinger P, Koistinen HA, Kooner MK, Kubo M, Kuusisto J, Lahti J, Launer LJ, Lea RA, Lehne B, Lehtimaki T, Liewald DC, Lind L, Loh M, Lokki ML, London SJ, Loomis SJ, Loukola A, Lu Y, Lumley T, Lundqvist A, Mannisto S, Marques-Vidal P, Masciullo C, Matchan A, Mathias RA, Matsuda K, Meigs JB, Meisinger C, Meitinger T, Menni C, Mentch FD, Mihailov E, Milani L, Montasser ME, Montgomery GW, Morrison A, Myers RH, Nadukuru R, Navarro P, Nelis M, Nieminen MS, Nolte IM, O'Connor GT, Ogunniyi A, Padmanabhan S, Palmas WR, Pankow JS, Patarcic I, Pavani F, Peyser PA, Pietilainen K, Poulter N, Prokopenko I, Ralhan S, Redmond P, Rich SS, Rissanen H, Robino A, Rose LM, Rose R, Sala C, Salako B, Salomaa V, Sarin AP, Saxena R, Schmidt H, Scott LJ, Scott WR, Sennblad B, Seshadri S, Sever P, Shrestha S, Smith BH, Smith JA, Soranzo N, Sotoodehnia N, Southam L, Stanton AV, Stathopoulou MG, Strauch K, Strawbridge RJ, Suderman MJ, Tandon N, Tang ST, Taylor KD, Tayo BO, Toglhofer AM, Tomaszewski M, Tsernikova N, Tuomilehto J, Uitterlinden AG, Vaidya D, van Hylckama Vlieg A, van Setten J, Vasankari T, Vedantam S, Vlachopoulou E, Vozzi D, Vuoksimaa E, Waldenberger M, Ware EB, Wentworth-Shields W, Whitfield JB, Wild S, Willemsen G, Yajnik CS, Yao J, Zaza G, Zhu X, BioBank Japan Project, Salem RM, Melbye M, Bisgaard H, Samani NJ, Cusi D, Mackey DA, Cooper RS, Froguel P, Pasterkamp G, Grant SF, Hakonarson H, Ferrucci L, Scott RA, Morris AD, Palmer CN, Dedoussis G, Deloukas P, Bertram L, Lindenberger U, Berndt SI, Lindgren CM, Timpson NJ, Tonjes A, Munroe PB, Sorensen TI, Rotimi CN, Arnett DK, Oldehinkel AJ, Kardia SL, Balkau B, Gambaro G, Morris AP, Eriksson JG, Wright MJ, Martin NG, Hunt SC, Starr JM, Deary IJ, Griffiths LR, Tiemeier H, Pirastu N, Kaprio J, Wareham NJ, Perusse L, Wilson JG, Girotto G, Caulfield MJ, Raitakari O, Boomsma DI, Gieger C, van der Harst P, Hicks AA, Kraft P, Sinisalo J, Knekt P, Johannesson M, Magnusson PK, Hamsten A, Schmidt R, Borecki IB, Vartiainen E, Becker DM, Bharadwaj D, Mohlke KL, Boehnke M, van Duijn CM, Sanghera DK, Teumer A, Zeggini E, Metspalu A, Gasparini P, Ulivi S, Ober C, Toniolo D, Rudan I, Porteous DJ, Ciullo M, Spector TD, Hayward C, Dupuis J, Loos RJ, Wright AF, Chandak GR, Vollenweider P, Shuldiner AR, Ridker PM, Rotter JI, Sattar N, Gyllensten U, North KE, Pirastu M, Psaty BM, Weir DR, Laakso M, Gudnason V, Takahashi A, Chambers JC, Kooner JS, Strachan DP, Campbell H, Hirschhorn JN, Perola M, Polasek O, Wilson JF: Directional dominance on stature and cognition in diverse human populations. Nature 523(7561):460, 2015 [PDF] [OSI] [PubMed] [More...]
43.Peyrot WJ, Lee SH, Milaneschi Y, Abdellaoui A, Byrne EM, Esko T, de Geus EJ, Hemani G, Hottenga JJ, Kloiber S, Levinson DF, Lucae S, Major Depressive Disorder Working Group of the Psychiatric GWAS Consortium (Corporate Collaborator), Martin NG, Medland SE, Metspalu A, Milani L, Noethen MM, Potash JB, Rietschel M, Rietveld CA, Ripke S, Shi J, Social Science Genetic Association Consortium Corporate Collaborator, Willemsen G, Zhu Z, Boomsma DI, Wray NR, Penninx BW, Major Depressive Disorder Working Group of the Psychiatric GWAS Consortium Corporate Collaborator, Social Science Genetic Association Consortium Corporate Collaborator: The association between lower educational attainment and depression owing to shared genetic effects? Results in ~25 000 subjects. Molecular Psychiatry 20(6):735-743, 2015 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
2014
40.Evangelou E, Kerkhof HJ, Styrkarsdottir U, Ntzani EE, Bos SD, Esko T, Evans DS, Metrustry S, Panoutsopoulou K, Ramos YF, Thorleifsson G, Tsilidis KK, arcOGEN Consortium, Arden N, Aslam N, Bellamy N, Birrell F, Blanco FJ, Carr A, Chapman K, Day-Williams AG, Deloukas P, Doherty M, Engström G, Helgadottir HT, Hofman A, Ingvarsson T, Jonsson H, Keis A, Keurentjes JC, Kloppenburg M, Lind PA, McCaskie A, Martin NG, Milani L, Montgomery GW, Nelissen RG, Nevitt MC, Nilsson PM, Ollier WE, Parimi N, Rai A, Ralston SH, Reed MR, Riancho JA, Rivadeneira F, Rodriguez-Fontenla C, Southam L, Thorsteinsdottir U, Tsezou A, Wallis GA, Wilkinson JM, Gonzalez A, Lane NE, Lohmander LS, Loughlin J, Metspalu A, Uitterlinden AG, Jonsdottir I, Stefansson K, Slagboom PE, Zeggini E, Meulenbelt I, Ioannidis JP, Spector TD, van Meurs JB, Valdes AM: A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies novel variants associated with osteoarthritis of the hip. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 73(12):2130-2136, 2014 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
2013
41.Stephens SH, Hartz SM, Hoft NR, Saccone NL, Corley RC, Hewitt JK, Hopfer CJ, Breslau N, Coon H, Chen X, Ducci F, Dueker N, Franceschini N, Frank J, Han Y, Hansel NN, Jiang C, Korhonen T, Lind PA, Liu J, Lyytikäinen LP, Michel M, Shaffer JR, Short SE, Sun J, Teumer A, Thompson JR, Vogelzangs N, Vink JM, Wenzlaff A, Wheeler W, Yang BZ, Aggen SH, Balmforth AJ, Baumeister SE, Beaty TH, Benjamin DJ, Bergen AW, Broms U, Cesarini D, Chatterjee N, Chen J, Cheng YC, Cichon S, Couper D, Cucca F, Dick D, Foroud T, Furberg H, Giegling I, Gillespie NA, Gu F, Hall AS, Hällfors J, Han S, Hartmann AM, Heikkilä K, Hickie IB, Hottenga JJ, Jousilahti P, Kaakinen M, Kähönen M, Koellinger PD, Kittner S, Konte B, Landi MT, Laatikainen T, Leppert M, Levy SM, Mathias RA, McNeil DW, Medland SE, Montgomery GW, Murray T, Nauck M, North KE, Paré PD, Pergadia M, Ruczinski I, Salomaa V, Viikari J, Willemsen G, Barnes KC, Boerwinkle E, Boomsma DI, Caporaso N, Edenberg HJ, Francks C, Gelernter J, Grabe HJ, Hops H, Jarvelin MR, Johannesson M, Kendler KS, Lehtimäki T, Magnusson PK, Marazita ML, Marchini J, Mitchell BD, Nöthen MM, Penninx BW, Raitakari O, Rietschel M, Rujescu D, Samani NJ, Schwartz AG, Shete S, Spitz M, Swan GE, Völzke H, Veijola J, Wei Q, Amos C, Cannon DS, Grucza R, Hatsukami D, Heath A, Johnson EO, Kaprio J, Madden P, Martin NG, Stevens VL, Weiss RB, Kraft P, Bierut LJ, Ehringer MA: Distinct Loci in the CHRNA5/CHRNA3/CHRNB4 Gene Cluster Are Associated With Onset of Regular Smoking. Genetic Epidemiology 37(8):846-859, 2013 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
39.McRae AF, Richter MM, Lind PA: Case-control association testing of common variants from sequencing of DNA pools. PLoS ONE 8(6):e65410, 2013 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
38.Rietveld CA, Medland SE, Derringer J, Yang J, Esko T, Martin NW, Westra HJ, Shakhbazov K, Abdellaoui A, Agrawal A, Albrecht E, Alizadeh BZ, Amin N, Barnard J, Baumeister SE, Benke KS, Bielak LF, Boatman JA, Boyle PA, Davies G, de Leeuw C, Eklund N, Evans DS, Ferhmann R, Fischer K, Gieger C, Gjessing HK, Hägg S, Harris JR, Hayward C, Holzapfel C, Ibrahim-Verbaas CA, Ingelsson E, Jacobsson B, Joshi PK, Jugessur A, Kaakinen M, Kanoni S, Karjalainen J, Kolcic I, Kristiansson K, Kutalik Z, Lahti J, Lee SH, Lin P, Lind PA, Liu Y, Lohman K, Loitfelder M, McMahon G, Vidal PM, Meirelles O, Milani L, Myhre R, Nuotio ML, Oldmeadow CJ, Petrovic KE, Peyrot WJ, Polasek O, Quaye L, Reinmaa E, Rice JP, Rizzi TS, Schmidt H, Schmidt R, Smith AV, Smith JA, Tanaka T, Terracciano A, van der Loos MJ, Vitart V, Völzke H, Wellmann J, Yu L, Zhao W, Allik J, Attia JR, Bandinelli S, Bastardot F, Beauchamp J, Bennett DA, Berger K, Bierut LJ, Boomsma DI, Bültmann U, Campbell H, Chabris CF, Cherkas L, Chung MK, Cucca F, de Andrade M, De Jager PL, De Neve JE, Deary IJ, Dedoussis GV, Deloukas P, Dimitriou M, Eiríksdóttir G, Elderson MF, Eriksson JG, Evans DM, Faul JD, Ferrucci L, Garcia ME, Grönberg H, Guðnason V, Hall P, Harris JM, Harris TB, Hastie ND, Heath AC, Hernandez DG, Hoffmann W, Hofman A, Holle R, Holliday EG, Hottenga JJ, Iacono WG, Illig T, Järvelin MR, Kähönen M, Kaprio J, Kirkpatrick RM, Kowgier M, Latvala A, Launer LJ, Lawlor DA, Lehtimäki T, Li J, Lichtenstein P, Lichtner P, Liewald DC, Madden PA, Magnusson PK, Mäkinen TE, Masala M, McGue M, Metspalu A, Mielck A, Miller MB, Montgomery GW, Mukherjee S, Nyholt DR, Oostra BA, Palmer LJ, Palotie A, Penninx BW, Perola M, Peyser PA, Preisig M, Räikkönen K, Raitakari OT, Realo A, Ring SM, Ripatti S, Rivadeneira F, Rudan I, Rustichini A, Salomaa V, Sarin AP, Schlessinger D, Scott RJ, Snieder H, St Pourcain B, Starr JM, Sul JH, Surakka I, Svento R, Teumer A, LifeLines Cohort Study, Tiemeier H, van Rooij FJ, Van Wagoner DR, Vartiainen E, Viikari J, Vollenweider P, Vonk JM, Waeber G, Weir DR, Wichmann HE, Widen E, Willemsen G, Wilson JF, Wright AF, Conley D, Davey-Smith G, Franke L, Groenen PJ, Hofman A, Johannesson M, Kardia SL, Krueger RF, Laibson D, Martin NG, Meyer MN, Posthuma D, Thurik AR, Timpson NJ, Uitterlinden AG, van Duijn CM, Visscher PM, Benjamin DJ, Cesarini D, Koellinger PD: GWAS of 126,559 Individuals Identifies Genetic Variants Associated with Educational Attainment. Science (New York, N.Y.) 340:1467-1471, 2013 [PDF] [OSI] [PubMed] [More...]
37.den Hoed M, Eijgelsheim M, Esko T, Brundel BJ, Peal DS, Evans DM, Nolte IM, Segrè AV, Holm H, Handsaker RE, Westra HJ, Johnson T, Isaacs A, Yang J, Lundby A, Zhao JH, Kim YJ, Go MJ, Almgren P, Bochud M, Boucher G, Cornelis MC, Gudbjartsson D, Hadley D, van der Harst P, Hayward C, den Heijer M, Igl W, Jackson AU, Kutalik Z, Luan J, Kemp JP, Kristiansson K, Ladenvall C, Lorentzon M, Montasser ME, Njajou OT, O'Reilly PF, Padmanabhan S, St Pourcain B, Rankinen T, Salo P, Tanaka T, Timpson NJ, Vitart V, Waite L, Wheeler W, Zhang W, Draisma HH, Feitosa MF, Kerr KF, Lind PA, Mihailov E, Onland-Moret NC, Song C, Weedon MN, Xie W, Yengo L, Absher D, Albert CM, Alonso A, Arking DE, de Bakker PI, Balkau B, Barlassina C, Benaglio P, Bis JC, Bouatia-Naji N, Brage S, Chanock SJ, Chines PS, Chung M, Darbar D, Dina C, Dörr M, Elliott P, Felix SB, Fischer K, Fuchsberger C, de Geus EJ, Goyette P, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Hartikainen AL, Havulinna AS, Heckbert SR, Hicks AA, Hofman A, Holewijn S, Hoogstra-Berends F, Hottenga JJ, Jensen MK, Johansson A, Junttila J, Kääb S, Kanon B, Ketkar S, Khaw KT, Knowles JW, Kooner AS, Kors JA, Kumari M, Milani L, Laiho P, Lakatta EG, Langenberg C, Leusink M, Liu Y, Luben RN, Lunetta KL, Lynch SN, Markus MR, Marques-Vidal P, Mateo Leach I, McArdle WL, McCarroll SA, Medland SE, Miller KA, Montgomery GW, Morrison AC, Müller-Nurasyid M, Navarro P, Nelis M, O'Connell JR, O'Donnell CJ, Ong KK, Newman AB, Peters A, Polasek O, Pouta A, Pramstaller PP, Psaty BM, Rao DC, Ring SM, Rossin EJ, Rudan D, Sanna S, Scott RA, Sehmi JS, Sharp S, Shin JT, Singleton AB, Smith AV, Soranzo N, Spector TD, Stewart C, Stringham HM, Tarasov KV, Uitterlinden AG, Vandenput L, Hwang SJ, Whitfield JB, Wijmenga C, Wild SH, Willemsen G, Wilson JF, Witteman JC, Wong A, Wong Q, Jamshidi Y, Zitting P, Boer JM, Boomsma DI, Borecki IB, van Duijn CM, Ekelund U, Forouhi NG, Froguel P, Hingorani A, Ingelsson E, Kivimaki M, Kronmal RA, Kuh D, Lind L, Martin NG, Oostra BA, Pedersen NL, Quertermous T, Rotter JI, van der Schouw YT, Verschuren WM, Walker M, Albanes D, Arnar DO, Assimes TL, Bandinelli S, Boehnke M, de Boer RA, Bouchard C, Caulfield WL, Chambers JC, Curhan G, Cusi D, Eriksson J, Ferrucci L, van Gilst WH, Glorioso N, de Graaf J, Groop L, Gyllensten U, Hsueh WC, Hu FB, Huikuri HV, Hunter DJ, Iribarren C, Isomaa B, Jarvelin MR, Jula A, Kähönen M, Kiemeney LA, van der Klauw MM, Kooner JS, Kraft P, Iacoviello L, Lehtimäki T, Lokki ML, Mitchell BD, Navis G, Nieminen MS, Ohlsson C, Poulter NR, Qi L, Raitakari OT, Rimm EB, Rioux JD, Rizzi F, Rudan I, Salomaa V, Sever PS, Shields DC, Shuldiner AR, Sinisalo J, Stanton AV, Stolk RP, Strachan DP, Tardif JC, Thorsteinsdottir U, Tuomilehto J, van Veldhuisen DJ, Virtamo J, Viikari J, Vollenweider P, Waeber G, Widen E, Cho YS, Olsen JV, Visscher PM, Willer C, Franke L, Global BPgen Consortium, CARDIoGRAM Consortium, Erdmann J, Thompson JR, PR GWAS Consortium, Pfeufer A, QRS GWAS Consortium, Sotoodehnia N, QT-IGC Consortium, Newton-Cheh C, CHARGE-AF Consortium, Ellinor PT, Stricker BH, Metspalu A, Perola M, Beckmann JS, Smith GD, Stefansson K, Wareham NJ, Munroe PB, Sibon OC, Milan DJ, Snieder H, Samani NJ, Loos RJ: Identification of heart rate-associated loci and their effects on cardiac conduction and rhythm disorders. Nature Genetics 45(6):621-631, 2013 [PDF] [OSI] [PubMed] [More...]
36.Lind PA, Zhu G, Montgomery GW, Madden PA, Heath AC, Martin NG, Slutske WS: Genome-wide association study of a quantitative disordered gambling trait. Addiction Biology 18:511-522, 2013 [PDF] [OSI] [PubMed] [More...]
2012
35.Lind PA, Macgregor S, Heath AC, Madden PA, Montgomery GW, Martin NG, Whitfield JB: Association between in vivo alcohol metabolism and genetic variation in pathways that metabolize the carbon skeleton of ethanol and NADH reoxidation in the Alcohol Challenge Twin Study. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 36(12):2074-2085, 2012 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
34.Conway CC, Keenan-Miller D, Hammen C, Lind PA, Najman JM, Brennan PA: Coaction of stress and serotonin transporter genotype in predicting aggression at the transition to adulthood. Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology 41(1):53-63, 2012 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
2011
33.Heath AC, Whitfield JB, Martin NG, Pergadia ML, Goate AM, Lind PA, McEvoy BP, Schrage AJ, Grant JD, Chou YL, Zhu R, Henders AK, Medland SE, Gordon SD, Nelson EC, Agrawal A, Nyholt DR, Bucholz KK, Madden PA, Montgomery GW: A Quantitative-Trait Genome-Wide Association Study of Alcoholism Risk in the Community: Findings and Implications. Biological Psychiatry 70:513-518, 2011 [PDF] [OSI] [PubMed] [More...]
32.Benyamin B, Middelberg RP, Lind PA, Valle AM, Gordon S, Nyholt DR, Medland SE, Henders AK, Heath AC, Madden PA, Visscher PM, O'Connor DT, Montgomery GW, Martin NG, Whitfield JB: GWAS of butyrylcholinesterase activity identifies four novel loci, independent effects within BCHE and secondary associations with metabolic risk factors. Human Molecular Genetics 20:4504-4514, 2011 [PDF] [OSI] [PubMed] [More...]
31.Brennan PA, Hammen C, Sylvers P, Bor W, Najman J, Lind P, Montgomery G, Smith AK: Interactions between the COMT Val108/158Met polymorphism and maternal prenatal smoking predict aggressive behavior outcomes. Biological Psychology 87(1):99-105, 2011 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
30.Webb A, Lind PA, Kalmijn J, Feiler HS, Smith TL, Schuckit MA, Wilhelmsen K: The Investigation into CYP2E1 in Relation to the Level of Response to Alcohol Through a Combination of Linkage and Association Analysis. Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research 35:10-18, 2011 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
2010
29.Conway CC, Hammen C, Brennan PA, Lind PA, Najman JM: Interaction of chronic stress with serotonin transporter and catechol-O-methyltransferase polymorphisms in predicting youth depression. Depression and anxiety 27:737-745, 2010 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
28.Lind PA, Luciano M, Wright MJ, Montgomery GW, Martin NG, Bates TC: Dyslexia and DCDC2: normal variation in reading and spelling is associated with DCDC2 polymorphisms in an Australian population sample. European Journal of Human Genetics 18(6):668-673, 2010 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
27.Lind PA, Macgregor S, Vink JM, Pergadia ML, Hansell NK, de Moor MH, Smit AB, Hottenga JJ, Richter MM, Heath AC, Martin NG, Willemsen G, de Geus EJ, Vogelzangs N, Penninx BW, Whitfield JB, Montgomery GW, Boomsma DI, Madden PA: A genomewide association study of nicotine and alcohol dependence in Australian and dutch populations. Twin Research and Human Genetics 13(1):10-29, 2010 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
26.Bates TC, Lind PA, Luciano M, Montgomery GW, Martin NG, Wright MJ: Dyslexia and DYX1C1: deficits in reading and spelling associated with a missense mutation. Molecular Psychiatry 15:1190-1196, 2010 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
25.Hansell NK, Agrawal A, Whitfield JB, Morley KI, Gordon SD, Lind PA, Pergadia ML, Montgomery GW, Madden PA, Todd RD, Heath AC, Martin NG: Linkage Analysis of Alcohol Dependence Symptoms in the Community. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 34(1):158-163, 2010 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
2009
24.Lind PA, Luciano M, Horan MA, Marioni RE, Wright MJ, Bates TC, Rabbitt P, Harris SE, Davidson Y, Deary IJ, Gibbons L, Pickles A, Ollier W, Pendleton N, Price JF, Payton A, Martin NG: No Association Between Cholinergic Muscarinic Receptor 2 (CHRM2) Genetic Variation and Cognitive Abilities in Three Independent Samples. Behavior Genetics 39:513-523, 2009 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
23.Cornes BK, Medland SE, Lind PA, Nyholt DR, Montgomery GW, Martin NG: Genetic Variation in Female BMI Increases with Number of Children Born but Failure to Replicate Association between GNbeta3 Variants and Increased BMI in Parous Females. Twin Research and Human Genetics 12(3):276-285, 2009 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
22.Hansell NK, Agrawal A, Whitfield JB, Morley KI, Gordon SD, Lind PA, Pergadia ML, Montgomery GW, Madden PA, Todd RD, Heath AC, Martin NG: Can We Identify Genes For Alcohol Consumption In Samples Ascertained For Heterogeneous Purposes? Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 33(4):729-739, 2009 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
21.Lind PA, Eriksson CJ, Wilhelmsen KC: Association between harmful alcohol consumption behavior and dopamine transporter (DAT1) gene polymorphisms in a male Finnish population. Psychiatric Genetics 19:117-125, 2009 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
20.Macgregor S, Lind PA, Bucholz KK, Hansell NK, Madden PA, Richter MM, Montgomery GW, Martin NG, Heath AC, Whitfield JB: Associations of ADH and ALDH2 gene variation with self report alcohol reactions, consumption and dependence: an integrated analysis. Human Molecular Genetics 18:580-593, 2009 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
19.Luciano M, Miyajima F, Lind PA, Bates TC, Horan M, Harris SE, Wright MJ, Ollier WE, Hayward C, Pendleton N, Gow AJ, Visscher PM, Starr JM, Deary IJ, Martin NG, Payton A: Variation in the Dysbindin gene and normal cognitive function in three independent population samples. Genes, brain, and behavior 8:218-227, 2009 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
18.Cornes BK, Lind PA, Medland SE, Montgomery GW, Nyholt DR, Martin NG: Replication of the association of common rs9939609 variant of FTO with increased BMI in an Australian adult twin population but no evidence for gene by environment (G x E) interaction. International Journal of Obesity 33:75-79, 2009 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
2008
17.Luciano M, Lind PA, Deary IJ, Payton A, Posthuma D, Butcher LM, Bochdanovits Z, Whalley LJ, Visscher PM, Harris SE, Polderman TJ, Davis OS, Wright MJ, Starr JM, de Geus EJ, Bates TC, Montgomery GW, Boomsma DI, Martin NG, Plomin R: Testing replication of a 5-SNP set for general cognitive ability in six population samples. European Journal of Human Genetics 16:1388-1395, 2008 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
16.Lind PA, Eriksson CJ, Wilhelmsen KC: The role of aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1A1) polymorphisms in harmful alcohol consumption in a Finnish population. Human genomics 3(1):24-35, 2008 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
15.Lind PA, Macgregor S, Agrawal A, Montgomery GW, Heath AC, Martin NG, Whitfield JB: The Role of GABRA2 in Alcohol Dependence, Smoking, and Illicit Drug Use in an Australian Population Sample. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 32(10):1721-1731, 2008 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
14.Macgregor S, Hottenga JJ, Lind PA, Suchiman HE, Willemsen G, Slagboom PE, Montgomery GW, Martin NG, Visscher PM, Boomsma DI: Vitamin d receptor gene polymorphisms have negligible effect on human height. Twin Research and Human Genetics 11(5):488-494, 2008 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
13.Ehlers CL, Lind PA, Wilhelmsen KC: Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the mu opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) and self-reported responses to alcohol in American Indians. BMC Medical Genetics 9:35, 2008 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
12.Hansell NK, Agrawal A, Whitfield JB, Morley KI, Zhu G, Lind PA, Pergadia ML, Madden PA, Todd RD, Heath AC, Martin NG: Long-term stability and heritability of telephone interview measures of alcohol consumption and dependence. Twin Research and Human Genetics 11(3):287-305, 2008 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
11.Bates TC, Luciano M, Lind PA, Wright MJ, Montgomery GW, Martin NG: Recently-derived variants of brain-size genes ASPM, MCPH1, CDK5RAP and BRCA1 not associated with general cognition, reading or language. Intelligence 36(6):689-693, 2008 [PDF]
10.Lind PA, MacGregor S, Montgomery GW, Heath AC, Martin NG, Whitfield JB: Effects of GABRA2 Variation on Physiological, Psychomotor and Subjective Responses in the Alcohol Challenge Twin Study. Twin Research and Human Genetics 11(2):174-182, 2008 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
9.Wray NR, James MR, Dumenil T, Handoko HY, Lind PA, Montgomery GW, Martin NG: Association study of candidate variants of COMT with neuroticism, anxiety and depression. American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics 147B:1314-1318, 2008 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
8.Ehlers CL, Gilder DA, Slutske WS, Lind PA, Wilhelmsen KC: Externalizing disorders in American Indians: Comorbidity and a genome wide linkage analysis. American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics 2008 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
7.Wray NR, James MR, Handoko HY, Dumenil T, Lind PA, Montgomery GW, Martin NG: Association study of candidate variants from brain-derived neurotrophic factor and dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 with neuroticism, anxiety, and depression. American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics 18(5):219-225, 2008 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
2007
6.Ehlers CL, Slutske WS, Lind PA, Wilhelmsen KC: Association between single nucleotide polymorphisms in the cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) and impulsivity in southwest California Indians. Twin Research and Human Genetics 10(6):805-811, 2007 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
5.Luciano M, Lind PA, Duffy DL, Castles A, Wright MJ, Montgomery GW, Martin NG, Bates TC: A haplotype spanning KIAA0319 and TTRAP is associated with normal variation in reading and spelling ability. Biological Psychiatry 62(7):811-817, 2007 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
4.Francks C, Maegawa S, Laurén J, Abrahams BS, Velayos-Baeza A, Medland SE, Colella S, Groszer M, McAuley EZ, Caffrey TM, Timmusk T, Pruunsild P, Koppel I, Lind PA, Matsumoto-Itaba N, Nicod J, Xiong L, Joober R, Enard W, Krinsky B, Nanba E, Richardson AJ, Riley BP, Martin NG, Strittmatter SM, Möller HJ, Rujescu D, St Clair D, Muglia P, Roos JL, Fisher SE, Wade-Martins R, Rouleau GA, Stein JF, Karayiorgou M, Geschwind DH, Ragoussis J, Kendler KS, Airaksinen MS, Oshimura M, DeLisi LE, Monaco AP: LRRTM1 on chromosome 2p12 is a maternally suppressed gene that is associated paternally with handedness and schizophrenia. Molecular Psychiatry 12(12):1129-1139, 2007 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
3.Mekel-Bobrov N, Posthuma D, Gilbert SL, Lind P, Gosso MF, Luciano M, Harris SE, Bates TC, Polderman TJ, Whalley LJ, Fox H, Starr JM, Evans PD, Montgomery GW, Fernandes C, Heutink P, Martin NG, Boomsma DI, Deary IJ, Wright MJ, de Geus EJ, Lahn BT: The ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM and Microcephalin is not explained by increased intelligence. Human Molecular Genetics 16(6):600-608, 2007 [PDF] [PubMed] [More...]
2005
2.Schuckit MA, Wilhelmsen K, Smith TL, Feiler HS, Lind P, Lange LA, Kalmijn J: Autosomal linkage analysis for the level of response to alcohol. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 29(11):1976-1982, 2005 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]
2004
1.Lind PA, Daniel RM, Monk C, Dunn RV: Esterase catalysis of substrate vapour: enzyme activity occurs at very low hydration. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1702(1):103-110, 2004 [PDF unavailable] [PubMed] [More...]