QIMR Genetic Epemiology Laboratory

Some Classic Papers in Biometrical Genetics

This page contains a list of classic papers, presentations and articles of interest by international reseachers. The papers have been arranged by publication date. Where downloadable versions of these are available, links have been provided and the format noted. Please note however, that many journals specifically prohibit the publication of the final form of papers which have been submitted to them, unless the availability of that publication is limited to peers within the same organisation.

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1918 1914




Wray NR, Visscher PM: Quantitative genetics of disease traits. J Anim Breed Genet 132:198–203, 2015. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Yang J, Bakshi A, Zhu Z, Hemani G, Vinkhuyzen AAE, Lee SH, Robinson MR, Perry JRN, Nolte IM, van Vliet-Ostaptchouk JV, Snieder H, The LifeLines Cohort Study, Esko T, Milani L, Mägi R, Metspalu A, Hamsten A, Magnusson PKE, Pedersen NL, Ingelsson E, Soranzo N, Keller MC, Wray NR, Goddard ME, Visscher PM. Genetic variance estimation with imputed variants finds negligible missing heritability for human height and body mass index. Nature Genetics 47(10):1114-1120, 2015. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Martin NG: Commentary: Discussion of 'The History of Twins, as a criterion of the relative powers of nature and nature'by Francis Galton (1875) International Journal of Epidemiology 41(4):917-919, 2012. [Fulltext (pdf)]

van Dongen J, Slagboom PE, Draisma HHM, Martin NG, Boomsma DI: The continuing value of twin studies in the omics era. Nat Rev Genet 13(9):640-653, 2012. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Gottesman II, Laursen TM, Bertelsen A, Mortensen PB: Severe Mental Disorders in Offspring With 2 Psychiatrically Ill Parents. Arch J Psychiatry 67(3):252-257, 2010. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Revelle W, Oehlberg K: Integrating Experimental and Observational Personality Research - The Contributions of Hans Eysenck. Journal of Personality 76(6):1387-1414, 2008. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Visscher PM, Hill WG, Wray NR: Heritability in the genomics era - concepts and misconceptions. Nature Review Genetics 9:255-266, 2008. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Keller MC, Miller G: Resolving the paradox of common, harmful, heritable mental disorders: Which evolutionary genetic models work best?. Behavioural and Brain Sciences 29:385-452, 2006. [Fulltext (pdf)] (contributed by John McGrath)


Mayo O: To what extent has Fisher's research program been fulfilled in Australia. Aust NZJ Stat 46(4): 517-529, 2004. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Hill WG, Mackay TFC: Anecdotal, Historical and Critical Commentaries on Genetics. Edited by James F Crow & William F Dove : DS Falconer & Introduction to Quantitative Genetics Perspectives 167(August): 1529-1536, 2004. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Gottesman II, Gould TD: The Endophenotype Concept in Psychiatry: Etymology and Strategic Intentions. Am J Psychiatry 160:636-645, 2003. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Boomsma D, Busjahn A, Peltonen L.: Classical twin studies and beyond. Nat Rev Genet 3(11):872-82, 2002. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Shaun Purcell: Variance Components Models for Gene–Environment Interaction in Twin Analysis. Twin Research and Human Genetics 5(6):554-571, 2002. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Shaun Purcell and Pak Sham: Variance Components Models for Gene–Environment Interaction in Quantitative Trait Locus Linkage Analysis. Twin Research and Human Genetics 5(6):572-576, 2002. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves LJ: Genotype - Environment interaction in transmission disequilibrium tests. Adv Genet 42:223-240, 2001. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Boomsma DI, de Geus EJ, van Baal GC, Koopmans JR.: A religious upbringing reduces the influence of genetic factors on disinhibition: evidence for interaction between genotype and environment on personality. Twin Res 2:115-25, 1999. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Dolan CV, Boomsma DI, Neale MC: A simulation study of the effects of assignment of prior identity-by-descent probabilities to unselected sib pairs, in covariance-structure modeling of a quantitative-trait locus. Am.J.Hum.Genet 64:268-280, 1999. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Dolan CV, Boomsma DI, Neale MC: A note on the power provided by sibships of sizes 2, 3, and 4 in genetic covariance modeling of a codominant QTL. Behavior Genetics 29(3): 163-170, 1999. [Fulltext (pdf)]

O'Connell JR, Weeks DE:An Optimal Algorithm for Automatic Genotype Elimination. Am. J. Hum. Genet, 65:1733-1740, 1999 [Fulltext (pdf)]


Dolan CV, Boomsma DI: Optimal selection of sib pairs from random samples for linkage analysis of a QTL using the EDAC test. Behavior Genetics 28(3): 197-206, 1998. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Martin NG, Boomsma DI, Machin GA: A twin-pronged attack on complex traits. Nature Genetics 17(4):387-392, 1997. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Scott WK, et al.:Genetic Analysis of Complex Diseases. Science, 275(5304), 1327-1330. [Fulltext (pdf)]


van Dijk BA, Boomsma DI, de Man AJ: Blood group chimerism in human multiple births is not rare. Am J Med Genet,61(3):264-8, 1996. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Loehlin JF: The Cholesky Approach: A Cautionary Note. Behav. Genet., 26:65-69, 1996. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Kruglyak L, Daly MJ, Reeve-Daly MP, Lander ES: Parametric and Nonparametric Linkage Analysis: A Unified Multipoint Approach. Am. J. Hum. Genet., 58:1347-1363, 1996. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Risch N, Merikangas K:The Future of Genetic Studies of Complex Human Diseases. Science, 273(5281):1516-1517, 1996. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Cunningham MR, Roberts AR, Barbee AP, Druen PB, Wu CH: Their Ideas of Beauty Are, on the Whole, the Same as Ours:Consistency and Variability in the Cross-Cultural Perception of Female Physical Attractiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(2): 261-279, 1995. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Cardon LR, Smith SD, Fulker DW, Kimberling WJ, Pennington BF, DeFries JC: Quantitative Trait Locus for Reading Disability on Chromosome 6: Correction. Science, 268(5217):1553, 1995. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Editorial:Crimes Against Genetics. Nature Genetics, 11(3):223-224, 1995. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Lander E, Kruglyak L: Genetic dissection of complex traits: guidelines for interpreting and reporting linkage results. Nature Genetics, 11(3):241-247, 1995 [Fulltext (pdf)]

O'Connell JR, Weeks DE: The VITESSE algorithm for rapid exact multilocus linkage analysis via genotpe set-recoding and fuzzy inheritance Nature Genetics, 11(?):402-408, 1995 [Fulltext (pdf)]

Ott J: How do you compute a LOD score?. Nature Genetics, 11(?):354-355, 1995. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Kendler KS, Neale MC, Kessler RC, Heath AC, Eaves LJ:Parental treatment and the equal environment assumption in twin studies of psychiatric illness.Psychol Med,24(3):579-90 1994. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Cardon LR, Smith SD, Fulker DW, Kimberling WJ, Pennington BF, DeFries JC: Quantitative Trait Locus for Reading Disability on Chromosome 6. Science, 266(5183):276-279, 1994. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Whittemore AS, Halpern J:Probability of Gene Identity by Descent: Computation and Applications. Biometrics, 50(1):109-117, 1994. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Whittemore AS, Halpern J:A Class of Tests for Linkage Using Affected Pedigree Members. Biometrics, 50(1):118-127, 1994. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Molenaar PC, Boomsma DI, Dolan CV.: A third source of developmental differences. Behav Genet, 23(6):519-24, 1993. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Leslie RDG, Pyke DA, Braun MM, Caporaso N, Duffy DL, Macdonald AM:Twin studies in medical research. The Lancet, 341(8857):1418-1419, 1993 [Fulltext (pdf)]

Crow JF:Felix Bernstein and the First Human Marker Locus. Genetics, 133:4-7, 1993 [Fulltext (pdf)]


Harper PS, Harley HG, Reardon W, Shaw DJ: Review Article: Anticipation in Myotonic Dystrophy: New Light on an Old Problem Am. J. Hum. Genet., S1:10-16, 1992. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves LJ, Neale MC, Meyer JM: A model for comparative ratings in studies of within-family differences. Behav Genet 21:531-536, 1991. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Boomsma DI, Molenaar PCM, Dolan CV: Estimation of individual genetic and environmental profiles in longitudinal designs. Behav Genet 21(3):243-255, 1991. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Boomsma DI, Molenaar PCM, Orlebeke JF: Estimation of individual genetic and environmental factor scores. Genetic Epidemiology 7:83-91, 1990. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Bouchard TJ, Lykken DT, McGue M, Segal NL, Tellegen A: Sources of Human Psychological Differences: The Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart. Science 250(4978):223-228, 1990. [Fulltext (pdf)] (contributed by Matt McGue)

McArdle JJ, Goldsmith HH: Alternative Common Factor Models for Multivariate Biometric Analyses. Behav Genet 20(5):569-608, 1990. [Fulltext (pdf)] (contributed by Jack McArdle)

Rende RD, Plomin R, Vandenberg SG: Who discovered the twin method? Behav Genet 20(2):277-285, 1990. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Molenaar PCM, Boomsma DI, Neeleman D, Dolan CV: Using factor scores to detect G x E interactive origin of 'pure' genetic or environmental factors obtained in genetic covariance structure analysis. Genetic Epidemiology 7:93-100, 1990. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Gottesman II, Bertelsen A: Confirming Unexpressed Genotypes for Schizophrenia. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 18:867-872, 1989. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Eysenck HJ, Martin NG: Genes, Culture and Personality: An empirical approach, pp.xvii+465: Academic Press, London, 1989. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Heath AC, Neale MC, Hewitt JK, Eaves LJ, Fulker DW: Testing Structural Equation Models for Twin Data Using LISREL, Behavior Genetics 1989 Jan;19(1):9-35. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Carey G:Inference About Genetic Correlations. Behaviour Genetics, 18(3):329-338, 1988. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Crow JF:Sewall Wright (1889-1988). Genetics, 119:1-4, 1988. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: Dominance alone is not enough. Behav Genet 18:27-33, 1988. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Hewitt JK, Heath AC: A note on computing the chi-square noncentrality parameter for power analyses. Behav Genet 18(1):105-108, 1988. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Bull JJ: Evolution of phenotypic variance. Evolution 41(2):303-315, 1987. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: Including the environment in models for genetic segregation. J Psychiat Res 21(4):639-647, 1987. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Cunningham MR, Measuring the Physical in Physical Attractiveness: Quasi-Experiments on the Sociobiology of Female Facial Beauty. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 50(5):925-935, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Boomsma DI, Molenaar PCM: Using LISREL to analyze genetic and environmental covariance structure. Behav Genet 16(2):237-250, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Carey G: Sibling imitation and contrast effects. Behav Genet 16(3):319-341, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Kendler KS, Schulz II SC: The familial sporadic classification: its power for the resolution of genetic and environmental etiologic factors. J Psychiat Res 20(2):115-130, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Long J, Heath AC: A theory of developmental change in quantitative phenotypes applied to cognitive development. Behav Genet 16(1):143-162, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Knudson AG:Genetics of Human Cancer. Ann. Rev. Genet., 20:231-251, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Kendler KS, Eaves LJ:Models for the Joint Effect of Genotype and Environment on Liability to Psychiatric Illness. Am J Psychiatry, 143(3):279-289, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)]

McArdle JJ: Latent Variable Growth Within Behaviour Genetic Models. Behav Genet 16(1):163-200, 1986. [Fulltext (pdf)] (contributed by Jack McArdle)


Heath AC, Berg K, Eaves LJ, Solaas MH, Corey LA, Sundet J, Magnus P, Nance WE: Education policy and the heritability of educational attainment. Nature 314(6013):734-736, 1985. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Heath AC, Berg K, Eaves LJ, Solaas MH, Corey LA, Sundet J, Nance WE, Corey LA, Magnus P: No decline in assortative mating for educational level. Behav. Genet. 15(4):349-369, 1985. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Heath AC, Eaves LJ: Resolving the effects of phenotype and social background on mate selection. Behav Genet 15(1):15-30, 1985. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Heath AC, Kendler KS, Eaves LJ, Markell D: The resolution of cultural and biological inheritance: Informativeness of diffeent relationships. Behav Genet 15(5):439-465, 1985. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves LJ: The resolution of genotype x environment interaction in segregation analysis of nuclear families. Genet Epidemiol 1:215-228, 1984. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Suarez BK, Van Eerdewegh P: A Comparison of Three Affected-Sib-Pair Scoring Methods To Detect HLA-Linked Disease Susceptibility Genes AJMG, 18:135-146, 1984. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Baird D: The Fisher/Pearson Chi-Squared Controversy: A Turning Point for Inductive Inference Brit. J Phil. Science, 34(2):105-118, 1983 [Fulltext (pdf)]

Cantor RM: A multivariate genetic analysis of ridge count data from the offspring of monozygotic twins. Acta Genet Med Gemellol 32:161-207, 1983. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: Errors of inference in the detection of major gene effects on psychological test scores. Am J Hum Genet 35:1179-1189, 1983. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves LJ: Putting the environment back in genetics. Nature 295:632, 1982. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Kitcher P: Genes Brit. J. Phil. Science, 33(4):337-359, 1982 [Fulltext (pdf)]


Bouchard TJ, McGue M: Familial Studies of Intelligence: A Review. Science 212(4498):1055-1059, 1981. [Fulltext (pdf)] (contributed by Matt McGue)

Hayes JF, Hill WG: Modification of Estimates of Parameters in the Construction of Genetic Selection Indices ('Bending') Biometrics, 37(3), 483-493, 1981. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Behrman JR, Hrubec Z, Taubman P, Wales TJ: Contributions to economic analysis. Socioeconomic Success: A study of the effects of genetic endowments, family environment, and schooling 1980. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves L: The use of twins in the analysis of assortative mating. Heredity (Edinb)43(3):399-409, 1979. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Cloninger RC, Rice J, Reich T: Multifactorial inheritance with cultural transmission and assortative mating. III. Family structure and the analysis of separation experiments. Am J Hum Genet 31:366-388, 1979. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Cloninger RC, Rice J, Reich T: Multifactorial inheritance with cultural transmission and assortative mating. II. A general model of combined polygenic cultural inheritance. Am J Hum Genet 31:176-198, 1979. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Martin NG, Eaves LJ, Kearsey MJ, Davies P: The power of the classical twin study. Heredity 40(1):97-116, 1978. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Fulker DW: Multivariate extensions of a biometrical model of twin data. Twin Research Psychology and Methodology 217-236, 1978. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Rice J, Cloninger RC, Reich T: Multifactorial inheritance with cultural transmission and assortative mating. I. Description and basic properties of the unitary models. Am J Hum Genet 30:618-643, 1978. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Last KA, Young PA, Martin NG: Model-Fitting approaches to the analysis of human behaviour. Heredity 41(3):249-320, 1978. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Martin NG, Eaves LJ: The genetical analysis of covariance structure. Heredity 38:79-95, 1977. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Last K, Martin NG, Jinks,JL: A progressive approach to non-additivity and genotype-environmental covariance in the analysis of human differences. Br J Math Statist Psychol 30:1-42, 1977. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: Inferring the causes of human variation (with discussion). J R Stat Soc Ser A Stat Soc 140 (3):324-355, 1977. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Eysenck HJ: A genotype - environmental model for psychoticism. Adv Behav Res Ther 1:5-26, 1977. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Bashi J: Effects of inbreeding on cognitive performance. Nature 266(5601):440-442, 1977. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Nance WE, Corey LA: Genetic Models for the Analysis of Data from the Families of Identical twins. Genetics 83(4):811-826, 1976. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Eysenck H: Genotype X age interaction for neuroticism. Behav Genet 6(3):359-362, 1976. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Eysenck H: Genetic and environmental components of inconsistency and unrepeatability in twins' responses to a neuroticism questionnaire. Behav Genet 6(2):145-160, 1976. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: The effect of cultural transmission on continuous variation. Heredity 37(1):41-57, 1976. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: A model for sibling effects in man. Heredity 36(2):205-214, 1976. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: Human Behavioural Genetics. Proc roy Soc Med 69:184-189, 1976. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves LJ: Eaves Letter to Owen White, November, 1975 - historical background. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Eysenck H: The nature of extraversion: A genetical analysis. J Pers Soc Psychol 32(1):102-112, 1975. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Curnow RN, Smith C: Multifactorial Models for Familial Diseases in Man. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General) 138(2):131-169, 1975. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves LJ, Eysenck H: Genetics and the development of social attitudes. Nature 249(5454):288-289, 1974. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Gale JS: A method for analyzing the genetic basis of covariation. Behav Genet 4(3):253-267, 1974. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Mather, K: Non-allelic interaction in continuous variation of randomly breeding populations. Heredity 32(3):414-418, 1974. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Mendell NR, Elston RC: Multifactorial Qualitative Traits:Genetic Analysis and Prediction of Recurrence Risks Biometrics, 30(1):41-57. 1974 >[Fulltext (pdf)]

Jinks JL, Eaves LJ: IQ and inequality. Nature 248(5446): 287-289, 1974. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Urbach P: Progress and Degeneration in the 'IQ Debate' (I)*. Brit.J.Phil.Sci. 25: 99-135, 1974. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Urbach P: Progress and Degeneration in the 'IQ Debate' (II)*. Brit.J.Phil.Sci. 25:235-259, 1974. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eaves LJ: The structure of genotypic and environmental covariation for personality measurements: An analysis of the PEN. Br J Soc Clin Psychol 12:275-282, 1973. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Christian JC, Kang-Won K: Efficiency of human monozygotic twins in studies of blood lipids. Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental XX1(8):691-699, 1972. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Brumpton RJ: Factors of Covariation in Nicotiana Rustica. Heredity 29(2):151-175, 1972. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ, Jinks JL: Insignificance of evidence for differences in heritability of IQ between races and social classes. Nature 240(5376):84-88, 1972. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: The multivariate analysis of certain genotype - environment interactions. Behav Genet 2(2/3):241-244, 1972. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: Computer simulation of sample size and experimental design in human psychogenetics. Psychol Bull 77(2):144-152, 1972. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Gale JS, Eaves LJ: Variation in Wild populations of Papaver Dubium v. the application of factor analysis to the study of variation. Heredity 29(2):135-149, 1972. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Reich T, James JW, Morris CA: The use of multiple thresholds in determining the mode of transmission of semi-continuous traits*. Ann Hum Genet, London, 36:163-184, 1972. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Scarr-Salapatek S: Race, social class, and IQ. Science 174:1285-1295, 1971. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Jensen AR: Note on why Genetic Correlations are not squared. Psychological Bulletin 75(3):223-224, 1971. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Smith C: Heritability of liability and concordance in monozygous twins. Ann Hum Genet 34:85-91, 1970. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Friberg L, Cederlöf R, Lundman T, Olsson H.: Mortality in smoking discordant monozygotic and dizygotic twins. A study on the Swedish Twin Registry. Arch Environ Health 21(4):508-13,1970. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: The genetic analysis of continuous variation: A comparison of experimental designs applicable to human data. 11. Estimation of heritability and comparison of environmental components. Br J Math Stat Psychol 23(2):189-198, 1970. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Heston LL:The Genetics of Schizophrenic and Schizoid Disease. Science, 167(3916):249-256, 1970 [Fulltext (pdf)]

Jinks JL, Fulker DW: Comparison of the biometrical genetical, mava, and classical approaches to the analysis of human behavior. Psychol Bull 73(5):311-349, 1970. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Record RG, McKeown T, Edwards JH: An investigation of the difference in measured intelligence between twins and single births. Ann Hum Genet 34:11-20, 1970. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Bulmer MG: The Biology of Twinning in Man. Oxford University Press,1970. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Hegmann JP, Defries JC: Are Genetic Correlations and Environmental Correlations Correlated? Nature,226:284-286, 1970. [Fulltext (pdf)]


De Lemos MM: The development of conservation in aboriginal children. Int J Psychol 4:255-269, 1969. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Record RG, McKeown T, Edwards JH: The relation of measured intelligence to birth weight and duration of gestation. Ann Hum Genet 33:71-79, 1969. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Record RG, McKeown T, Edwards JH: The relation of measured intelligence to birth order and maternal age. Ann Hum Genet 33:61-69, 1969. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Eaves LJ: The genetic analysis of continuous variation: A comparison of experimental designs applicable to human data. Br J Math Stat Psychol 22(2):131-147, 1969. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Hardin G:The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 162:1243-1248, 1968. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Vandenberg SG: Primary Mental Abilities or General Intelligence? Evidence from Twin Studies. In JM Thoday & AS Parkes (Eds), Genetic and environmental influences on behavior, Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd, 146-160, 1968. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Vandenberg SG: A Factor Analysis of Garment Measures of Dutch Women. Human Biology, 40:295-313, 1968. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Loehlin JC, Vandenberg SG: Genetic and environmental components in the covariation of cognitive abilities: An additive model. In Vandenberg, SG (ed.), Progress in Human Behavior Genetics, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 261-285, 1968. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Gottesman II, Shields J: A Polygenic Theory of Schizophrenia. PNAS, 58(1):199-205, 1967. (contributed by Irving Gottesman) [Fulltext (pdf)]


Moran PAP, Smith CAB: Commentary on R.A. Fisher's Paper on The Correlation Between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance. Eugenics Laboratory Memoirs XLI. Published for Galton Laboratory, University College London by the Cambridge University Press. 62 pages. 1966. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Loehlin JC.: A heredity-environment analysis of personality inventory data. In S. G. Vandenberg (ed.), 163-170, 1965. Methods & Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Vandenberg SG: Multivariate Analysis of Twin Differences. In Vandenberg, SG (ed.), Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York and London, 29-43, 1965. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Gottesman II: Personality and Natural Selection. In Vandenberg, SG (ed.), Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York and London, 63-80, 1965. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Nichols RC: The National Merit Twin Study. In Vandenberg, SG (ed.), Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York and London, 231-243, 1965. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Mednick SA, Schulsinger F: A Longitudinal Study of Children with a High Risk for Schizophrenia: A Preliminary Report. In Vandenberg, SG (ed.), Methods and Goals in Human Behavior Genetics, Academic Press, New York and London, 255-295, 1965. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Falconer DS: The inheritance of liability to certain diseases, estimated from the incidence among relatives. Ann Hum Genet, London, 29:51-76, 1965. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Eysenck HJ, Eysenck SBG: Manual of the Eysenck Personality Inventory, 1964. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Gottesman II: Heritability of Personality A Demonstration. Psychol Monogr, 77(9) (Whole No. 572) (21pp), 1963. [Fulltext (pdf)] (contributed by Irving Gottesman)


Benzer S:On the Topology of the Genetic Fine Structure. PNAS, 47(3):403-426, 1961. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Benzer S:On the Topology of the Genetic Fine Structure. PNAS, 45(11):1607-1620, 1959. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Lewontin RC, Cockerham CC: The goodness-of-fit test for detecting natural selection in random mating population. Evol, 13(4):561-564, 1959. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Benzer S:Fine Structure of a Genetic Region in Bacteriophage. PNAS, 41(6):344-354, 1955. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Harrison BJ, Mather K: Polygenic variability in chromosomes of drosophila melanogaster obtained from the wild. Heredity, 4(3): 295-312, 1950. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Price B: Primary biases in twin studies; a review of prenatal and natal difference-producing factors in monozygotic pairs. Am J Hum Genet, 2(4): 293-352, 1950. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Penrose LS: Mental Illness in Husband and Wife; A Contribution to the Study of Assortative Mating in Man. Psych. Quart. Supp. , 18(1):161-166, 1944 [Fulltext (pdf)] (contributed by Dorret Boomsma)


Hazel LN: The Genetic Basis for Constructing Selection Indexes. Genetics, 28:476-490, 1943. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Fisher RA: Has Mendel's work been rediscovered? Annals of Science, Vol 1(2);115-137, 1936. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Newman HH: Twins and Heredity. Evolution, Genetics and Eugenics, 3rd Ed, Chapter 37, 476-490, 1932. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Newman HH: Evolution Genetics and Eugenics Book Evolution, Genetics and Eugenics, 3rd Ed, Chapter 37, 1-620, 1932. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Wright S: Statistical Methods in Biology. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 26(173);155-163, 1931. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Holzinger KJ: The Relative Effect of Nature and Nurture Influences on Twin Differences. The Journal of Educational Psychology, 20(4):241-248X, 1929. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Lauterbach CE: Studies in Twin Resemblance. Genetics, 10:525N, 1925. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Newman HH: Evolution Genetics and Eugenics Book. Evolution, Genetics and Eugenics, 2nd Ed, 1-616, 1925. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Wright S: Correlation and Causation. Journal of Agricultural Research, 20(7);557-585, 1921. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Fisher BA: The Correlation Between Relatives on the Supposition of Mendelian Inheritance. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 52:399-433, 1918. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie Journal, Volume 46. Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie, 1-1021, 1914. [Fulltext (pdf)]

Poll, HH: Uber Zwillingsforschung als Hilfsmittel menslicher Erbkunde. Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie, 46:87-105, 1914. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Pearson K, Lee A: On the Laws of Inheritance in Man: Inheritance of Physical Characters. Biometrika, 2(4);357-462, 1903. [Fulltext (pdf)]


Galton F: The history of twins, as a criterion of the relative powers of nature and nurture. Fraser's Magazine, 12:566-576, 1875. [Fulltext (pdf)]