Genetic Epidemiology, Translational Neurogenomics, Psychiatric Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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PMID
8640204
TITLE
Structure of disordered eating in a twin community sample.
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE NlmCategory: OBJECTIVE
To describe the types of eating problems experienced by women in an Australian twin population.
METHOD NlmCategory: METHODS
Questions assessing preoccupation with weight or shape, use of various methods of weight control, difficulties with weight control, disordered eating, or binging, were administered to a group of 3,869 female twins. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to summarize and describe problematic eating behaviors.
RESULTS NlmCategory: RESULTS
For those women experiencing problems with eating, five groups could be identified. These were overweight women who were dissatisfied with their weight and shape, underweight women struggling with anorexic behaviors, women who were having problems with binging, women who were using more extreme methods of weight control such as vomiting, laxatives, and starvation, and overweight women who were using slimming and fluid tablets for weight control. Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that this factor model is an acceptable fit to the data and that the factor structure generalizes well across two groups viz, the first-born and second-born twins.
DISCUSSION NlmCategory: CONCLUSIONS
It was concluded that future studies aiming to develop a general description of eating problems in the community should specifically assess the purging behaviors used by women.
DATE PUBLISHED
1996 Jan
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
pubmed 1996/01/01
medline 2000/06/20 09:00
entrez 1996/01/01 00:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Wade T Wade T T School of Psychology, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide.
Tiggemann M Tiggemann M M
Heath AC Heath A C AC
Abraham S Abraham S S
Treloar SA Treloar S A SA
Martin NG Martin N G NG
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 1
TITLE: The International journal of eating disorders
ISOABBREVIATION: Int J Eat Disord
YEAR: 1996
MONTH: Jan
DAY:
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Print
ISSN: 0276-3478
ISSNTYPE: Print
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: Int J Eat Disord
COUNTRY: United States
ISSNLINKING: 0276-3478
NLMUNIQUEID: 8111226
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Twin Study
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
GRANTS
GRANTID AGENCY COUNTRY
AA07535 NIAAA NIH HHS United States
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
MESH HEADINGS
DESCRIPTORNAME QUALIFIERNAME
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Australia epidemiology
Body Image epidemiology
Body Weight epidemiology
Cross-Sectional Studies epidemiology
Diseases in Twins psychology
Eating Disorders psychology
Feeding Behavior psychology
Female psychology
Humans psychology
Incidence psychology
Middle Aged psychology
Models, Genetic psychology
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's