Genetic Epidemiology, Psychiatric Genetics, Asthma Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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PMID
29872974
TITLE
The Relationship Between Personality and Somatic and Psychological Distress: A Comparison of Chinese and Australian Adolescents.
ABSTRACT
The extent to which correlations between personality domains and physical and psychological health generalize cross-culturally is unclear. We compared the strength of associations between the personality domains and somatic and psychological distress in Chinese (N = 2069) and a genetically informative sample of Australian (N = 2936) adolescents. We also examined the genetic and environmental etiology between personality, somatic and psychological distress in an Australian sample of 390 monozygotic twins and 698 dizygotic twins. In both populations, personality was assessed using the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Somatic and psychological distress was assessed using the Somatic and Psychological Health Report. We found significant cultural differences in the relationship between adolescents' personality traits and somatic and psychological distress. Extraversion was positively associated with somatic distress in the Chinese but not in Australian adolescents. In the Australian twins, genetic covariation between neuroticism and somatic and psychological distress was stronger compared to the genetic associations between either psychoticism or extraversion with psychological distress.
DATE PUBLISHED
2018 Jun 05
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
received 2017/05/16
accepted 2018/05/30
entrez 2018/06/07 06:00
pubmed 2018/06/07 06:00
medline 2018/06/07 06:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Liu Y Liu Yangyang Y Tianjin University, Tianjin, People's Republic of China. liuyangyang661@sina.com.
Gillespie NA Gillespie Nathan A NA Virginia Institute for Psychiatric and Behavioral Genetics, Richmond, VA, USA.
Ye L Ye Lin L Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
Zhu G Zhu Gu G Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia.
Duffy DL Duffy David L DL Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia.
Martin NG Martin Nicholas G NG Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Australia.
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME:
ISSUE:
TITLE: Behavior genetics
ISOABBREVIATION: Behav. Genet.
YEAR: 2018
MONTH: Jun
DAY: 05
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Internet
ISSN: 1573-3297
ISSNTYPE: Electronic
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: Behav Genet
COUNTRY: United States
ISSNLINKING: 0001-8244
NLMUNIQUEID: 0251711
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
GRANTS
GRANTID AGENCY COUNTRY
1308017 National Natural Science Foundation of China
010914902122 Nanjing University
B-a/2015/01/001 The 12th Five Year Plan of Jiangsu Education
CDLS-2016-02 Open Project Program of Key Laboratory of Child Development and Learning Science of Ministry of Education, Southeast University
15SHC006 JIangsu Social Science Fund
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
KEYWORD
Australian
Chinese
Personality, somatic and psychological distress
MESH HEADINGS
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's