Genetic Epidemiology, Translational Neurogenomics, Psychiatric Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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PMID
20854336
TITLE
Pathological gambling recovery in the absence of abstinence.
ABSTRACT
AIMS NlmCategory: OBJECTIVE
To examine the role of abstinence from gambling versus controlled gambling in recovery from pathological gambling (PG) in a community-based survey.
DESIGN NlmCategory: METHODS
Individuals with a life-time history of PG identified in a community-based survey were divided into three groups based on their current levels of PG symptoms. These three groups were compared to each other on their past-year gambling involvement.
SETTING NlmCategory: METHODS
National general population twin survey conducted in Australia.
PARTICIPANTS NlmCategory: METHODS
Overall, there were 4764 participants in the community-based survey (mean age 37.7 years, 57.2% women). Among these were 104 participants with a life-time history of PG; of the 104 with a life-time diagnosis of PG, 28 had a past-year diagnosis of PG, 32 had past-year problem gambling and 44 had no symptoms of PG in the past year ('recovery').
MEASUREMENTS NlmCategory: METHODS
The measure of PG was based on the NODS (NORC DSM-IV Screen for Gambling Problems). Past-year participation in 11 different gambling activities was assessed, as well as the following composite indicators: any gambling, gambling versatility, the number of days and hours spent gambling and the proportion of household income spent on gambling.
FINDINGS NlmCategory: RESULTS
Ninety per cent of those in the recovery group participated in some form of gambling in the past year.
CONCLUSIONS NlmCategory: CONCLUSIONS
In this general population survey, nearly all the PG recoveries were achieved in the absence of abstinence. Controlled gambling appears to be a popular road to recovery in the community.
2010 The Authors, Addiction 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction.
DATE PUBLISHED
2010 Dec
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
aheadofprint 2010/09/20
entrez 2010/09/22 06:00
pubmed 2010/09/22 06:00
medline 2011/04/29 06:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Slutske WS Slutske Wendy S WS Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, 210 McAlester Hall, Columbia, MO 65211,USA. slutskew@missouri.edu
Piasecki TM Piasecki Thomas M TM
Blaszczynski A Blaszczynski Alex A
Martin NG Martin Nicholas G NG
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME: 105
ISSUE: 12
TITLE: Addiction (Abingdon, England)
ISOABBREVIATION: Addiction
YEAR: 2010
MONTH: Dec
DAY:
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Internet
ISSN: 1360-0443
ISSNTYPE: Electronic
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: Addiction
COUNTRY: England
ISSNLINKING: 0965-2140
NLMUNIQUEID: 9304118
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Twin Study
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
REFTYPE REFSOURCE REFPMID NOTE
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GRANTS
GRANTID AGENCY COUNTRY
MH66206 NIMH NIH HHS United States
R01 MH066206 NIMH NIH HHS United States
R01 MH066206-01A1 NIMH NIH HHS United States
R01 MH066206-02 NIMH NIH HHS United States
R01 MH066206-03 NIMH NIH HHS United States
R01 MH066206-04 NIMH NIH HHS United States
R01 MH066206-05 NIMH NIH HHS United States
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
MESH HEADINGS
DESCRIPTORNAME QUALIFIERNAME
Adult
Australia epidemiology
Behavior, Addictive rehabilitation
Data Collection rehabilitation
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders rehabilitation
Female rehabilitation
Gambling rehabilitation
Humans rehabilitation
Male rehabilitation
Outcome Assessment (Health Care) statistics & numerical data
Remission, Spontaneous statistics & numerical data
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's
OTHERID SOURCE
NIHMS207218 NLM
PMC2975751 NLM