Genetic Epidemiology, Translational Neurogenomics, Psychiatric Genetics and Statistical Genetics Laboratories investigate the pattern of disease in families, particularly identical and non-identical twins, to assess the relative importance of genes and environment in a variety of important health problems.
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PMID
20116872
TITLE
Does education reduce the probability of being overweight?
ABSTRACT
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is growing rapidly in many countries. Education policies might be important for reducing this increase. This paper analyses the causal effect of education on the probability of being overweight by using longitudinal data of Australian identical twins. The data include self-reported and clinical measures of body size. Our cross-sectional estimates confirm the well-known negative association between education and the probability of being overweight. For men we find that education also reduces the probability of being overweight within pairs of identical twins. The estimated effect of education on overweight status increases with age. Remarkably, for women we find no negative effect of education on body size when fixed family effects are taken into account. Identical twin sisters who differ in educational attainment do not systematically differ in body size. Peer effects within pairs of identical twin sisters might play a role.
Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DATE PUBLISHED
2010 Jan
HISTORY
PUBSTATUS PUBSTATUSDATE
received 2008/03/13
revised 2009/07/22
accepted 2009/11/19
aheadofprint 2009/11/26
entrez 2010/02/02 06:00
pubmed 2010/02/02 06:00
medline 2010/05/04 06:00
AUTHORS
NAME COLLECTIVENAME LASTNAME FORENAME INITIALS AFFILIATION AFFILIATIONINFO
Webbink D Webbink Dinand D CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis and TIER, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. webbink@cpb.nl
Martin NG Martin Nicholas G NG
Visscher PM Visscher Peter M PM
INVESTIGATORS
JOURNAL
VOLUME: 29
ISSUE: 1
TITLE: Journal of health economics
ISOABBREVIATION: J Health Econ
YEAR: 2010
MONTH: Jan
DAY:
MEDLINEDATE:
SEASON:
CITEDMEDIUM: Internet
ISSN: 1879-1646
ISSNTYPE: Electronic
MEDLINE JOURNAL
MEDLINETA: J Health Econ
COUNTRY: Netherlands
ISSNLINKING: 0167-6296
NLMUNIQUEID: 8410622
PUBLICATION TYPE
PUBLICATIONTYPE TEXT
Journal Article
Twin Study
COMMENTS AND CORRECTIONS
GRANTS
GENERAL NOTE
KEYWORDS
MESH HEADINGS
DESCRIPTORNAME QUALIFIERNAME
Adult
Australia epidemiology
Body Mass Index epidemiology
Cohort Studies epidemiology
Educational Status epidemiology
Female epidemiology
Humans epidemiology
Male epidemiology
Middle Aged epidemiology
Overweight genetics
Probability genetics
Registries genetics
Twins, Monozygotic genetics
SUPPLEMENTARY MESH
GENE SYMBOLS
CHEMICALS
OTHER ID's